Views: 3 Author: Site Editor Publish Time: 2022-05-18 Origin: Site
The future trends of the global industrial robot market in 2016 include: policy-driven growth of industrial and service robot markets in major countries. The automotive industry is still the main user of industrial robots; Double - arm robot for industrial robot market new bright spot.
1. What is industrial robot
Industrial robot is a kind of through the repeated programming and automatic control, able to complete certain operations task in the process of producing multi-functional, more degrees of freedom of mechanical and electrical integration of the automatic mechanical equipment and systems, it combines manufacturing host or production line, can be composed of single or multiple machine automation system, under the unattended, implement handling, welding, assembly and painting and so on a variety of production operation.
At present, the rapid development of industrial robot technology and industry, increasingly widely used in production, has become important highly automated equipment in modern manufacturing production.
2. The characteristics of industrial robots
Since the first generation of robots came out in the United States in the early 1960s, the development and application of industrial robots have developed rapidly, but the most significant characteristics of industrial robots are summarized as follows.
1） Programmable. The further development of production automation is flexible automation. As an important part of flexible manufacturing system (FMS), industrial robots can be reprogrammed according to the changing needs of their working environment, so they can play a good role in the flexible manufacturing process with balanced and high efficiency in small batch and multiple varieties.
2）Personification. In mechanical structure, industrial robots are similar to people's walking, waist rotation, arms, forearms, wrists, claws and other parts, and there are computers in control. In addition, intelligent industrial robots have many "biosensors" similar to human beings, such as skin contact sensors, force sensors, load sensors, visual sensors, sound sensors, language functions, etc. Sensors improve the ability of industrial robots to adapt to the surrounding environment.
3）Versatility. In addition to specially designed industrial robots, general industrial robots have better versatility when performing different tasks. For example, changing the end manipulator of the hand of industrial robots (claws, tools, etc.) can perform different tasks.
4） Mechatronics. Industrial robot technology involves a wide range of disciplines, but summed up is the combination of mechanics and microelectronics - mechatronics technology. The third generation of intelligent robot not only has a variety of sensors to obtain external environment information, but also has memory ability, language understanding ability, image recognition ability, reasoning and judgment ability and other artificial intelligence, which are closely related to the application of microelectronics technology, especially the application of computer technology. Therefore, the development of robot technology will certainly drive the development of other technologies, and the development and application level of robot technology can also verify the development and level of a country's science and technology and industrial technology.
3. The five common application fields of industrial robots
1） Machining applications (2%)
Robots in the machining industry are not high, accounting for only 2%, probably because there is a lot of automation equipment on the market that can be competent for machining tasks. Machining robots are mainly used in parts casting, laser cutting and water jet cutting.
2） Robot spray application (4%)
Robot spraying here mainly refers to painting, dispensing, painting and other work, only 4% of industrial robots engaged in spraying applications.
3）Robot assembly applications (10%)
Assembly robots are mainly engaged in the installation, disassembly and repair of parts and components. Due to the rapid development of robot sensor technology in recent years, robot applications are becoming more and more diversified, which directly leads to the decline of the proportion of robot assembly applications.
4）Robot welding applications (29%)
Robot welding applications mainly include spot welding and arc welding used in the automotive industry. Although spot welding robots are more popular than arc welding robots, arc welding robots have developed rapidly in recent years. Many processing workshops have gradually introduced welding robots to realize automatic welding operations.
5） Robotic handling applications (38 percent)
At present, handling is still the first major application field of robots, accounting for about 40% of the overall application of robots. Many automated production lines require the use of robots for loading and unloading, handling and palletizing operations. In recent years, with the rise of collaborative robots, the market share of moving robots has been growing.